These videos are in follow-up to the one we did last week.
The data used is the number, type location and date of deaths in Iraq from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2009. Type being Civilian, Coalition forces, Iraq forces and Enemy kills. This is part of the data recently released by WikiLeaks and provided by The Guardian. Read more about the data and how we manipulated it in our previous post here.
Custom Iraq Fatalities websites
We have made a custom website, that allows users to view each day as a timeline, showing when fatalities occurred. There is also an iPad specific website.
The applications screen shots are shown below.
Ipad Landscape Custom Iraq Fatalities website
Ipad Portrait Custom Iraq Fatalities website
Ajax Custom Iraq Fatalities websites
These three examples above show differing interfaces, all three show the differing interface, they are all showing the fatalities that occured, the 16th of September (9th month) of 2006. The current time shown is 5:00 pm (17:00). There is a timeline at the bottom, for the complete 24 hours of the chosen day. Press the play button and see the timeline move through the 24 hour period.
There are four different zooms, that are used in the video representations, namely
- Iraq – This gives an overall view.
- North Iraq This highlights the area of greatest fatalities, from Baghdad to the Northern Border
- Baghdad – This shows the area around Greater Baghdad
- Green zone- This zoom, shows street level detail of Iraq.
The applications can be used at any zoom layer that is required.
The data is not perfect, see http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2010/oct/25/wikileaks-iraq-data There is also some time holes in the data, the most notable is may 2004 is nearly completely missing.
The heat map video displays the impact of deaths over the period from 2004 to 2009. A grid was placed over the top of the impact area which was used to calculate the significance of each grid over the previous 28 days to highlight grids where attacks occurred the most (significance shown in red). The significance was calculated in blocks which is shown with the gradual change in colour from blue to red, least to most significance retrospectively.
4 Way Map
The Four Way map separates out the four different types of fatalities. This allows a separation of the Shade and Circle concept, explained below.
Four Fatality types
- Red is Civilian (Top Left)
- Blue is Coalition Forces (Top Right)
- Purple is Iraq Forces (Bottom Left
- Green is Enemy
These are the definitions as supplied with the data.
The four way maps are good for comparing relative number of the different types of fatalities.
The minutes video displays the total fatalities for the period from 2004 to 2009 at each minute for the 24 hours in a day. This minute timeline starts at midnight and goes through to 11:59 PM. The timeline simulates dawn by starting to lighten at the summer solstice and is fully light at the winter solstice, and the inverse for going dark at dusk.
Some of the data has been generalised so that there are small peaks of fatalities every hours, as the data has in some instances been generalised to the hour.
Shade and Circle Map
The size of the circle represents the number of fatalities, with one fatality represented by 20 square kilometers. The area of the circle increases relative to the number of fatalities, so therefore 10 fatalities would be represented by a circle of 200 square kilometers.
The Colour of the circle, represents which of the 4 fatality (Civilian, Coalition Forces, Iraq Forces, Enemy).
When the circle is drawn, a very faint (98% transparent) filled circle is also drawn on the same spot, this is added to with each map, so the background of the map, will show the effect of many of the colours added to the map, in certain areas, all the colours tend to combine to form a black, which means that many of the 4 types of fatalities occurred in that area.
Map and video links